International Assessment : TIMSS

 International Assessment : TIMSS

(Trends of the International Mathematics and Science Studies)
TIMSS are tests prepared by IEA to assess students in the fourth and eighth grades in terms of the concepts and issues they learned in science and mathematics, and to compare the results with the results of other countries participating in the tests. 

Main objectives:

 To obtain comprehensive data on the concepts and attitudes that students have learned in science and mathematics in the fourth and second intermediate grades.

To follow up the relative effects of teaching and learning in the 4th grade of primary and compare with those in the 2nd intermediate grade, where the group of students who are tested in the fourth grade in a course, are tested in the second intermediate grade in the following course.

To compare the achievement of students in science and mathematics in educational systems with different cultural, economic and social backgrounds.

To reach the most important and best means leading to better education by comparing the results of tests of one country with other countries that have advanced educational policies and systems that lead to high achievement rates among students.

The entity supervising the tests:
The tests are conducted and supervised by 
 International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA).
It is supervised locally by the ETEC-NCA

Subjects included in the study:
Science and Mathematics.

Target groups:
4th  grade primary and 2nd  intermediate

Study Tools:
Participating countries shall contribute to the preparation of the general framework of the tests and the drafting of the content under the supervision and management of IEA. Each participating country is also responsible for translating and adapting the content of the tools and carrying out tests on the sample schools representing the state. The study tools can be limited to:

1. Questions Booklets:
Science (4th primary – 2nd intermediate).
Mathematics (4th grade primary-2nd intermediate).

2. Questionnaires:
The School (answered by the school manager or his/her designee).
The Teacher (Mathematics - Science).
The Student
Parent of the student (especially the fourth grade of primary).

Holding the study in Saudi Arabia:
The study was held for the first time in Saudi Arabia in 2003, and the country has participated in successive courses (2007, 2011, 2015).

The experimental implementation of the current course was held from 23-24 April 2018, with the participation of 55 primary and intermediate schools, distributed throughout the Kingdom, according to the following data:

55 school leaders.
130 teachers
2358 students
1114 families

The effective application for the tests will start in the period from 9-10 April 2019.

Targeted schools participate in the study by preparing their students in science and mathematics and training them in test techniques through many activities in the classroom. The test guide and the questions published by the test supervisor can be found at the following link:​

These tests do not require registration. The sample is selected from schools and students based on criteria set by the test administrators who communicate with the schools to determine the dates of tests and the mechanism of application.

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia participates in the international tests TIMSS because of its high goals in measuring the achievement of students in the first stages of education in the subjects of mathematics and science, and study the differences and disparities between the education system in the Kingdom and the different educational systems of other participating countries in order to improve the teaching and learning process in the Kingdom. Such tests are one of the indicators of the Kingdom's Vision 2030.

Participating countries will carry out the implementation of the international tests while correcting and analyzing their results by the supervisory body. At the end of each course, sporadic reports on the level of achievement of mathematics and science are published or sent to each country to improve their teaching and learning through the relative indicators highlighted in those reports. The tests are not primarily aimed at evaluating specific students or schools, but rather at evaluating the educational systems in the participating of the Kingdom's Vision 2030.​

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